What's the point?

The aim of the game is very simple - use the ball to score more points than the other team. You can run with the ball, kick it and pass it, but passing forwards is not allowed.

Rugby union is a contact sport, so you can tackle an opponent in order to get the ball, as long as you stay within the rules.There is a referee, aided by two touch judges (one on each side of the pitch), to decide how the rules should be applied during a game.

There are several ways to score points.
  • A try - five points are awarded for touching the ball down in your opponent's goal area.
  • A conversion - two points are added for a successful kick through the goalposts after a try.
  • A goal kick - three points are awarded for a penalty kick or drop goal through the posts.

How long is the match?

A game of rugby union has two periods of 40 minutes each. Between the two halves, there is a maximum 10-minute interval, after which both teams change ends.

Who plays what position?

There are 15 players on a side at a time, with up to 7  subs available

to play at any time.  Much like in soccer, once a player is subbed off that

player is no longer allowed to come back on.

What are scrums?

Scrums involve the player's numbered 1-8 and are used for restarting

play after the following:

  • the ball has been knocked on
  • the ball has gone forward
  • accidental offside
  • the ball has not come out from a ruck or maul

Not every player can join a scrum. Only eight players from each team can take part. They are almost always the eight forwards in the side.The scrum is formed at the place where the infringement happened. All scrums must take place at least five meters from the touch or trylines. However the scrum is one of the hardest areas of the game to referee because of the many infringements, particularly in the front row. Scrums are initiated by a cadence from the referee: "CROUCH, BIND, SET"

What happens when the ball goes out?
"Line-outs" are a way of restarting play after the ball has been knocked or
kicked out of play past the touch line.  The line-out consists of three to
eight players from each side, up to 16 in total, and is taken where the ball
went out of play. The aim of each player is simply to get their hands on
the ball for their team.

So how does it work? The advantage is with the team throwing in. They
get the ball because they were not the team who last touched the ball
before it went out. They also get to decide how many players will make
up the line-out.

A knock what? Forward passing what?
Rugby union is one of the few ball games where the ball cannot be passed
forwards.  That means a player moving towards the opposition's dead ball
line must pass the ball to a team-mate either along or behind an imaginary
line running at right angles to the side of the pitch. The same principle
applies even when players are not passing the ball.If they fail to catch or pick up the ball cleanly and it travels forward off a hand or arm and hits the ground or another player, it is called a knock-on. The same applies if a player is tackled and the ball goes forward.If a player fumbles the ball but catches it before it has hit the ground or another player, it is not a knock-on. When a knock-on occurs, the referee will stop play and award a scrum to the team which has not knocked on.If the ball is thrown forward at a line-out, a scrum is awarded 15 meters in from the touchline. If the referee decides a player has intentionally knocked on or thrown the ball forward, a penalty is awarded to the other team. And if the referee decides the other team would have scored a try if the intentional knock-on had not taken place, a penalty try is awarded.The one exception to the knock-on rule is the charge-down. If a player charges down the ball as an opponent kicks it, it is not a knock-on, even if the ball travels forward.


PHANTOM WARRIORS    "to the end of battle"

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